BNF Chapter 1 – Gastrointestinal System
Many of the drugs listed in this formulary can cause constipation and it is important that service users are provided with education and lifestyle advice to help prevent or manage constipation. Service users should be encouraged to have a high fibre diet together with adequate fluid intake and exercises where tolerated.
|Long term use of stimulant laxatives should be avoided due to risk of an atonic non-functioning colon. (Avoid long-term use of stimulant laxatives with clozapine)
5mg and 10mg suppositories
100mg/5ml, 50mg/5ml, 12.5mg/5ml oral solution
|Suppositories 1g, 2g, 4g
|7.5mg tablets, 7.5mg/5ml oral solution
|Can take up to 48 hours to act. Administered with plenty of water.
|Macrogol 3350 with potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride
|Oral powder (sachets)
|Current brand supplied for in-patients Laxido® sachets (other brands available include Movicol®, Cosmocol®)
|Phosphate enema (sodium acid phosphate with sodium phosphate)
|Cleen Ready-to-Use enema 133ml pack with standard tube
|Sodium Citrate (Rectal)
|Micro-enema 5ml single dose